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cPanel

What is cPanel? cPanel is that the web hosting instrument panel , or software that facilites the management of an internet ho...

What is cPanel?





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cPanel is that the web hosting instrument panel , or software that facilites the management of an internet hosting server, developed by cPanel, L.L.C., an American corporation. The software provides a graphical interface (GUI) and automation tools designed to simplify the method of hosting an internet site to the web site owner or the "end user".

cPanel is a component of a software suite called cPanel & WHM which provides capabilities for administrators, resellers, and end-user website owners to regulate the varied aspects of website and server administration through a typical browser employing a three-tier structure. While cPanel is restricted to managing one hosting account, cPanel & WHM allows the administration of the whole server.

In addition to the GUI, cPanel also has instruction and API-based access that permits third-party software vendors, web hosting organizations, and developers to automate standard system administration processes.[4]

cPanel & WHM is meant to function either as a fanatical server or virtual private server. the newest cPanel & WHM version supports installation on CentOS, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), and CloudLinux OS.[5] cPanel 11.30 is that the last major version to support FreeBSD.[6][7]

Application-based support includes Apache, PHP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, Perl, and BIND (DNS). Email-based support includes POP3, IMAP, and SMTP services. cPanel is accessed via HTTPS on port 2083, while WHM is accessed via HTTPS on port 2087.

Once installed, cPanel & WHM can't be easily removed. cPanel & WHM FAQ states that the simplest thanks to uninstall cPanel & WHM is by reformatting the server.[8] However, uninstall guides are available online for expert server administrators who don't wish to reformat their server. Similarly, it should only be installed on a freshly installed OS with minimal prior configuration.[9]


History
cPanel has been developed by cPanel, L.L.C., a privately owned corporation headquartered in Houston, Texas, us .[10]

The software was originally designed because the instrument panel for Speed Hosting, a now-defunct web hosting company. the first author of cPanel, John Nick Koston, had a stake in Speed Hosting. Webking quickly began using cPanel after their merger with Speed Hosting. The new company moved their servers to Virtual Development Inc. (VDI), a now-defunct hosting facility. Following an agreement between Koston and VDI, cPanel was only available to customers hosted directly at VDI. At the time there was little competition within the instrument panel market, with the most choices being VDI and Alabanza.

Eventually, thanks to Koston leaving for school , William Jensen and John Koston, signed a Split Agreement. cPanel split into a separate program called WebPanel; this version was travel by VDI. Without the lead programmer, VDI wasn't ready to continue any work on cPanel and eventually stopped supporting it completely. Koston kept performing on cPanel while also performing at BurstNET. Eventually, Nick left BurstNET on good terms to focus fully on cPanel. cPanel has since been updated and improved over the years.

cPanel 3 was released in 1999: main additions over cPanel 2 were an automatic upgrade and therefore the Web Host Manager (WHM). The interface was also improved when Carlos Rego of WizardsHosting made what became the default theme of cPanel.

On August 20, 2018 cPanel L.L.C. announced[11] it had signed an agreement to be acquired by a gaggle led by Oakley Capital (who also own Plesk and SolusVM). While Nick sold his interest in cPanel, he will still be an owner of the corporate that owns cPanel.

Add-ons
To the client, cPanel provides front-ends for variety of common operations, including the management of PGP keys, crontab tasks, mail and FTP accounts, and mailing lists.

Several add-ons exist,[12] some for a further fee, the foremost notable being Auto Installers like Installatron, Fantastico, Softaculous, and WHMSonic (SHOUTcast/radio instrument panel Add-on). Auto Installers are a bundle of scripts which automate the installation (and update of) web applications like WordPress, SMF, phpBB, Drupal, Joomla!, Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware, Geeklog, Moodle, WhyUnified.com, MagicSpam WHMCS, and ZamFoo. Fantastico may be a popular Auto Installer but is losing market fast due to lack of updates (see [13]) and fewer number of scripts. There are free versions of the auto installers, however, they're very limited on the script the provide, and sometimes skip the foremost popular scripts like WordPress. The add-ons got to be enabled by the server administrator in WHM to be accessible to the cPanel user.

WHM manages some software packages separately from the underlying OS , applying upgrades to Apache, PHP, MySQL, Exim, FTP, and related software packages automatically. This ensures that these packages are kept up-to-date and compatible with WHM, but makes it harder to put in newer versions of those packages. It also makes it difficult to verify that the packages haven't been tampered with since the operating system's package management verification system can't be wont to do so.[14]

WHM
WHM, short for WebHost Manager, may be a web-based tool which is employed for server administration. There are a minimum of two tiers of WHM, often mentioned as "root WHM", and non-root WHM (or Reseller WHM). Root WHM is employed by server administrators and non-root WHM (with less privileges) are employed by others, like entity departments, and resellers to manage hosting accounts often mentioned as cPanel accounts on an internet server. WHM listens on ports 2086 and 2087. WHM is additionally wont to manage SSL Certificates (both server self generated and CA provided SSL certs), cPanel Users, hosting packages, DNS zones, Themes, and Authentication methods.[15] Additionally, WHM also can be wont to manage FTP, Mail(POP, IMAP and SMTP) and SSH services on the server. The default automatic SSL (AutoSSL) provided by cPanel is powered by Sectigo (formerly Comodo CA) late 2018.[16] Sectigo is now a billboard Certificate Authority and a provider of purpose-built and automatic PKI management solutions. the corporate released the Sectigo Embedded Firewall for Automotive in 2019.[17]

As well as being accessible by the basis administrator, WHM is additionally accessible to users with reseller privileges. Reseller users of cPanel have a smaller set of features than the basis user, generally limited by the server administrator, to features which they determine will affect their customers' accounts instead of the server as an entire . From root WHM, the server administrator can perform maintenance operations like upgrade and recompile Apache & PHP, install Perl Modules, and upgrade RPMs installed on the system.

Enkompass
A version of cPanel & WHM for Microsoft Windows exists, titled Enkompass. As of October 15, 2011, Enkompass was offered free, as development for the merchandise had been slowed.[18] As of February 2014, Enkompass was declared end-of-life, with version 3 remaining available for download, but without further development or support.[19]

Pricing
On June 27th, 2019 cPanel announced an arguably controversial new account-based pricing structure.[20] The new pricing structure is on a combined per-server and per-account basis that a lot of users and partners consider cumbersome and difficult to implement, and also will end in significant price increases for a few customers and providers.[21] After the resulting backlash from their customers, cPanel issued a second announcement[22] but notably refused to budge on the new pricing structure.

Following the worth increase announcement, variety of companies have announced impending price increases for his or her customers. LiquidWeb, SiteGround, and Interserver are among those that not push cPanel as their preferred instrument panel . Other web hosts like MyServerPlanet, KnownHost, and D9Hosting are recommending cheaper alternatives like DirectAdmin and Interworx.[23] Scala Hosting on the opposite hand has decided to build up their development and release of its own instrument panel .

Credit/Courtesy- Wikipedia/cPanel

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